Dana 60 Front Axle

The Dana/Spicer Model 60 is an automotive axle manufactured by Dana Corp. and used in OEM heavy duty applications by Chevrolet, Dodge, Chrysler, and Ford. There are rear axle and four wheel drive front steering versions of the Dana 60. It can be readily identified by its straight axle tubes, 10 bolt asymmetrical cover, and a “60″ cast in to the housing. Gross axle weight ratings are often lowered by the vehicle manufacturer for safety and tire reasons.

General specifications

Every Dana 60 that was originally manufactured by Dana Corp is stamped with a build date and bill of materials on the back of the passenger-side axle tube.

  • Ring gear measures 9-3/4″.
  • 3.125″ diameter axle tube.
  • Weighs in near 500lbs. More or less depending on width and brake configurations.
  • OEM Inner axle shaft spline counts are 16, 30, 32, and 35.
  • 40 Spline inner axle shafts and carriers are made for after market, high performance Dana 60 axles.
  • Pinion shaft diameter: 1.625″
  • Pinion shaft splines: 10 and 29
  • Gear ratios: 3.31:1 – 7.17:1
  • Carrier break: 3.31:1 – 4.10:1 and 4.56:1 – 7.17:1
  • Axle Shaft diameter
    • 1.41” Front (35 Spline)
    • 1.46” Rear (35 Spline)
  • Axle spline diameter
    • 1.50” Front (35 Spline)
    • 1.50” Rear (35 Spline)
  • 1480 Universal Joint (Front axle)

Dana 60 Front Axle

History

Jeep was the first company to use Dana 60 front axles in 1966. In the mid 1970′s the Big Three (automobile manufacturers) all started using this axle. GM began phasing it out in 1988 in favor of Independent suspension. while still offering it in some higher GVWR trucks (V-30) until 1991. Dodge used a Dana 60 up to 2002. 3rd Generation Dodge Rams dropped the Dana 60 in favor of a lighter, reverse cut AAM axle. Ford still uses the Dana 60 front axle. Manufactured in both Kingpin and Ball joint variations, “standard” and “reverse cut” rotation variations and open and limited slip variations. The housing material is Gray iron in early axles and Ductile iron in later axles. GM and Ford Dana 60 axles utilize locking hubs. Dodge Dana 60 axles utilized locking hubs until 1994 when a Center Axle Disconnect (CAD) system was adopted. However model year 2002 Rams phased out the CAD system leaving some 2002 Dana 60 axles permanently locked in.

Big Three variations

  • GM / Chevy versions are passenger side differential drop, standard rotation gears, kingpin knuckles and 35 Spline axle shafts.
  • Dodge versions were passenger side differential drop, standard rotation gears, kingpin knuckles and 35 spline axle shafts in early models. The 2nd Generation axles were drivers side with ball joints. 30 Spline axle shafts were used instead of 35 splines, except 2000, 2001 and 2002 models which were equipped with 32 spline axle shafts.
  • Ford versions are drivers side differential drop, reverse-cut gears, and kingpin knuckles up to 1991. The later axles have ball joints. Ford Dana 60 axles mostly feature 35 spline axle shafts.

Dana 60 aftermarket

The Dana 60 front axle has a great deal of aftermarket/third-party support, including many upgrades. Stronger axle shafts, Universal Joints and ball joints are widely available. As well as a large selection of traction control devices such as Locking differentials and Limited slip differentials. Axle shafts, Universal joints and carriers made from chromoly steel are even available. High capacity differential covers are available that increase the amount of oil the differential holds. These covers also feature Heat sinks that help keep the axle cool.

Dana Super 60

Dana Super 60 from a 2008 Ford F-450

The Dana Super 60 is an upgraded version of the Dana 60 front axle.

Differences in the Dana Super 60 versus the regular Dana 60:

  • Larger and thicker diameter steel tubes (3.75 inches diameter and 1/2 in thick)
  • Larger ring and pinion which increase the contact area and overall strength.
  • Larger Universal Joints which increase strength and steering angle.
  • Super 60s use 1550 Universal Joints.
  • Net formed spider gears for increased strength.
  • All made with 35 Spline axle shafts.

Dana 60 Rear Axle

The Dana 60 rear axle was first introduced in 1955 as a full floating axle in Ford F-250′s and is still used today.

  • Manufactured in both full float and semi float variations. The semi float axles were often rated up to 5,500 lbs and the full float axles were rated up to 6,500 lbs.
  • Full floating, 30 Spline, variants are common. 35 Spline, semi-floating and full floating axles exist, but are less common.

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Dana 60 Axle Indentification

How do you tell which DANA 60 axle you have?

dana-60-identification

FRONT AXLES

  • 610023 FORD 60 FRONT 1978-79 F-250 & F-350 (SNOW FIGHTER)
  • 610057 GM 60 FRONT 1979-80 K-30
  • 610132 GM 60 FRONT 1981 K-30
  • 610135 CHRY 60 FRONT 1981-85 D-600 & D-700
  • 610159 GM 60 FRONT 1982-87 K-30
  • 610201 GM 60 FRONT 1984-88 CUCV
    610202 GM 60 FRONT 1984-85 K-30
  • 610220 FORD 60 FRONT 1985 F-350
  • 610236 CHRY 60 FRONT 1985-88 D-600 & D-700
  • 610255 FORD 60 FRONT 1986-88 F-350 MONOBEAM DRW
  • 610295 GM 60 FRONT 1988-91 1/2 V-30
  • 610305 FORD 60 FRONT 1988 F-350 MONOBEAM SRW
  • 610313 FORD 60 FRONT 1988 1/2-91 1/2 F-350 MONOBEAM SRW
  • 610332 CHRY 60 FRONT 1989 D-600 & D-700
  • 610341 CHRY 60 FRONT 1989-90 D-600
  • 610357 CHRY 60 FRONT 1991-91 1/2 D-600
  • 610371 FORD 60 FRONT 1992 F-350 (USES SOCKET ASSY INSTEAD OF KING PIN ASSY)
  • 610398 CHRY 60 FRONT 1992 D-600
  • 610405 CHRY 60 FRONT 1993 D-600 & D-700
  • 610426 CHRY 60 FRONT 1994-94 1/2 W2500 HD
    610428 CHRY 60 FRONT 1994-94 1/2 W3500
    610430 CHRY 60 FRONT 1992-92 1/2 D-600 & D-700
  • 610432 FORD 60 FRONT 1993-93 1/2 F-350
  • 610440 CHRY 60 FRONT 1994-94 1/2 W2500 HD
  • 610445 FORD 60 FRONT 1994 F-350
  • 610460 FORD 60 FRONT 1995 F-350
  • 610517 CHRY 60 FRONT 1995-96 W3500
    610518 CHRY 60 FRONT 1995-96 W2500 HD
  • 610532 CHRY 60 FRONT 1995-96 AIR FORCE TOW VEHICLE NON-ABS
  • 610539 CHRY 60 FRONT 1995-95 1/2 W2500 HD
    610540 CHRY 60 FRONT 1995-95 1/2 W3500
  • 610604 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 W2500 HD
    610605 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 W3500
  • 610610 FORD 60 FRONT 1996 1/2-97 F-350
  • 610616 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 1/2 W2500 HD
    610617 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 1/2 W2500 HD
    610618 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 1/2 W3500
    610619 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 1/2 W3500
    610622 CHRY 60 FRONT 1996 1/2 AIR FORCE TOW VEHICLE NON-ABS
  • 610635 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 W2500 HD
    610636 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 W2500 HD
    610637 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 W3500
    610638 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 W3500
  • 610714 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 1/2 AIR FORCE TOW VEHICLE NON-ABS
  • 610719 CHRY 60 FRONT 1998-98 1/2 W2500 HD
    610720 CHRY 60 FRONT 1998-98 1/2 W3500
    610722 CHRY 60 FRONT 1998-98 1/2 W3500
    610723 CHRY 60 FRONT 1998-98 1/2 W3500
    610729 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 1/2 W3500
    610730 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 1/2 W3500
    610738 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 1/2 W200 HD
    610739 CHRY 60 FRONT 1997 1/2 W2500 HD
  • 610741 FORD 60 FRONT 1997 1/2-98 F-350

REAR AXLES

  • 603470 JEEP 60 REAR 1979 J20 PICKUP
  • 603643 CHRY 60 FRONT 1979-80 D-600
  • 603647 CHRY 60 REAR 1979 D-200 & W-200 H.D.
  • 603702 GM 60 REAR 1979 DRW G-VAN 146″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 603725 FORD 60 REAR 1979 F-250 CREW CAB – FULL FLOAT
  • 603831 CHRY 60 REAR 1979 RAIL MAINTENANCE
  • 603884 GM 60 REAR 1979 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 603901 FORD 60 REAR 1979 F-250 4X4 – FULL FLOAT
  • 603917 CHRY 60 REAR 1979 D-200 & BD-600
  • 603919 CHRY 60 REAR 1979 MD-300 DUAL WHEEL H.D.
  • 603920 CHRY 60 REAR 1979 B-300 MAXIVAN H.D.
  • 603926 FORD 60 REAR 1979 F-250 4X2 – FULL FLOAT
  • 603930 JEEP 60 REAR 1978-79 J20 PICKUP
  • 603943 FORD 60 REAR 1980-81 F-250 3/4 TON 4X2, 4X4 PICK-UP – SEMI FLOAT
  • 603971 CHRY 60 REAR 1979-84 HIGH PERFORMANCE RACING AXLE (SEMI FLOAT)
  • 603972 CHRY 60 REAR 1979-84 HIGH PERFORMANCE RACING AXLE (SEMI FLOAT)
  • 603980 JEEP 60 REAR 1980-81 1/2 J20 PICK-UP
  • 609389 CHRY 60 REAR 1980-88 1/2 RAIL MAINTENANCE/D-200 & D-600
    603990 CHRY 60 REAR 1980-84 C-300 & B-300 MB-300 H.D.
    603992 CHRY 60 REAR 1980-82 D-200 & W-200 H.D.
    603993 CHRY 60 REAR 1980-84 MB-300 DUAL WHEEL H.D.
    603994 CHRY 60 REAR 1980-88 1/2 B-300 MAXIVAN H.D.
  • 605000 GM 60 REAR 1980-82 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
    605001 GM 60 REAR 1980-82 DRW G-VAN 146″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 605020 FORD 60 REAR 1980 1/2 E-250 – FULL FLOAT
  • 605031 FORD 60 REAR 1981-81 1/2 E-250 VAN – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605079 JEEP 60 REAR 1982-85 J20 PICK-UP
  • 605082 CHRY 60 REAR 1983-84 D-300 HD
    605086 FORD 60 REAR 1982-83 F-250 – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605089 FORD 60 REAR 1982-83 E-250 VAN – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605104 JEEP 60 REAR 1982 1/2-84 CJ10
  • 605132 GM 60 REAR 1983 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
    605133 GM 60 REAR 1983 DRW G-VAN 146″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 605145 FORD 60 REAR 1983 1/2 F-350 PICK-UP – SEMI FLOAT
    605146 FORD 60 REAR 1983 1/2 F-350 CHASSIS – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605169 FORD 60 REAR 1983 1/2-85 F-250 – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605179 FORD 60 REAR 1983 1/2 E-250 VAN – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605196 JEEP 60 REAR 1985 AM 720
  • 605200 GM 60 REAR 1985-86 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
    605201 GM 60 REAR 1985-89 DRW G-VAN 146″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 605211 FORD 60 REAR 1984-85 E-250 VAN – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605222 CHRY 60 REAR 1985-88 1/2 B-300 (VAN)
    605224 CHRY 60 REAR 1985-85 1/2 D-200 & BD-600
    605225 CHRY 60 REAR 1985-88 1/2 D-200 HD & D-300 H.D.
  • 605237 JEEP 60 REAR 1985 CJ10
  • 605251 FORD 60 REAR 1985 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605268 GM 60 REAR 1986-89 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 605291 JEEP 60 REAR 1986-88 J20 PICKUP
  • 605298 FORD 60 REAR 1986-88 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMU FLOAT
  • 605355 FORD 60 REAR 1988 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605368 CHRY 60 REAR 1989-90 1/2 D-300 & D-700 H.D. W/ABS
    605370 CHRY 60 REAR 1989-93 1/2 D-200 H.D. & D-600 H.D. W/ABS
    605371 CHRY 60 REAR 1989-93 1/2 D-200 H.D. & D-600 H.D. W/ABS
  • 605403 GM 60 REAR 1990 DRW G-VAN 146″ WB – FULL FLOAT
    605405 GM 60 REAR 1990 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 605413 FORD 60 REAR 1989 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
    605414 FORD 60 REAR 1989 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605419 FORD 60 REAR 1990-91 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
    605420 FORD 60 REAR 1990-91 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
  • 605440 CHRY 60 REAR 1989-94 1/2 B-300 H.D. W/ABS
    605441 CHRY 60 REAR 1989 B-300 MAXIVAN H.D.
  • 605487 FORD 60 REAR 1992-93 1/2 E-350 VAN SARW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605495 GM 60 REAR 1990 1/2-91 1/2 DRW G-VAN 146″ WB – FULL FLOAT
    605496 GM 60 REAR 1990 1/2-91 1/2 DRW G-VAN 125″ WB – FULL FLOAT
  • 605516 CHRY 60 REAR 1991-94 B-300 MAXIVAN W/ABS
    605517 CHRY 60 REAR 1991-95 1/2 D-300 & D-700 H.D. W/ABS
  • 605556 FORD 60 REAR 1992 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 605569 FORD 60 REAR 1993-95 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT
  • 605585 CHRY 60 REAR 1994-95 1/2 D2500
    605586 CHRY 60 REAR 1994-95 1/2 W2500
  • 605623 FORD 60 REAR 1993-94 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
    605624 FORD 60 REAR 1993 1/2-94 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605633 CHRY 60 REAR 1994-95 1/2 D2500
    605634 CHRY 60 REAR 1994-95 1/2 W2500
  • 605639 FORD 60 REAR 1994-95 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605670 FORD 60 REAR 1994-94 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605684 FORD 60 REAR 1995-96 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
    605685 FORD 60 REAR 1995-96 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605700 FORD 60 REAR 1995-96 E-350 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 605710 CHRY 60 REAR 1994 1/2-97 1/2 B-300 VAN W/ABS
    605711 CHRY 60 REAR 1994 1/2-97 1/2 B-300 VAN W/ABS
  • 605713 FORD 60 REAR 1994 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
  • 605750 FORD 60 REAR 1995-97 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 605784 CHRY 60 REAR 1996-96 1/2 D2500
  • 605793 CHRY 60 REAR 1996-96 1/2 D2500
    605794 CHRY 60 REAR 1996 1/2 W2500
  • 605841 FORD 60 REAR 1996-96 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
    605842 FORD 60 REAR 1996-96 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
    605843 FORD 60 REAR 1996 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
  • 605859 FORD 60 REAR 1996-97 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 605898 CHRY 60 REAR 1997-97 1/2 D2500
  • 605907 CHRY 60 REAR 1997-97 1/2 D2500
    605908 CHRY 60 REAR 1997-97 1/2 W2500
  • 605933 FORD 60 REAR 1996 1/2-97 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT
    605934 FORD 60 REAR 1996 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
    605935 FORD 60 REAR 1996 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
    605942 FORD 80 REAR 1998 1/2-99 F-350 CHASSIS-DRW-FULL FLOAT
    605944 FORD 80 REAR 199 1/2 F-450 MOTOR HOME – DRW – FULL FLOAT
    605947 FORD 60 REAR 1997 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
    605948 FORD 60 REAR 1997 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
    605949 FORD 60 REAR 1997 1/2 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT
  • 605978 CHRY 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 D2500
  • 605987 CHRY 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 D2500
    605988 CHRY 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 W2500
  • 606017 FORD 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 606022 FORD 60 REAR 1999 E-350 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 606029 FORD 60 REAR 1997 1/2-98 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
  • 606049 FORD 60 REAR 1998 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
    606050 FORD 60 REAR 1998 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
    606054 CHRY 60 REAR 1997 1/2 W2500
  • 606058 CHRY 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 B-300 VAN W/ABS
    606059 CHRY 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 B-300 VAN W/ABS
    606062 CHRY 60 REAR 1998-98 1/2 W2500
  • 606102 FORD 60 REAR 1998 1/2-99 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
    606109 FORD 60 REAR 1999 E-350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
  • 606161 FORD 60 REAR 1998 1/2-99 E-250 VAN SRW – SEMI FLOAT – ABS
    606162 FORD 60 REAR 1998 1/2-99 E350 VAN SRW – FULL FLOAT – ABS
    606188 FORD 60 REAR 1999 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW
  • 606192 FORD 60 REAR 1999 1/2 E-250 VAN SRW
    606199 FORD 60 REAR 1999-99 1/2 E-350 CHASSIS – DRW

Dana 60 Maintenance Manual

Here’s a copy of the Dana 60 Maintenance Manual. You can view it in full screen.